Fire Extinguisher Maintenance
Requirements of IS 291:2015 (IS.291 & and E.N.3)
IS 291:2015 covers the use and suitability, siting, inspection and maintenance of portable fire extinguishers of the types which conform to European Standard EN 3 (which deals with portable fire extinguishers) as listed below:
- Water type extinguishers;
- Foam type extinguishers;
- Powder type extinguishers;
- Carbon dioxide type extinguishers;
- Halogenated hydrocarbon type extinguishers (Halon Extinguishers).
The yearly inspection procedure shall determine that:
- The extinguisher is in its designated place;
- Access to or visibility of the extinguisher is not obstructed;
- Any seals or indicator tabs are not broken;
- Pressure indicators, where fitted, show the correct pressure;
- The extinguisher has not been damaged;
- The extinguisher does not have obvious defects such as a clogged nozzle, corrosion, leakage or a loose or damaged hose;
- In the case of all carbon dioxide gas extinguishers the discharge horn or hose/horn is properly secured;
- The maintenance record label is properly attached to the extinguisher and is up to date and the maintenance register is entered up to date;
- A service certificate should be issued for record purposes.
Lara will also undertake discharge testing (a third of the extinguisher) and re-charging, included within the Annual service cost. Over a three year period all extinguishers are to have been tested 100%
Where an inspection reveals that interference has occurred or that the extinguisher is impaired in any way then arrangements shall be made immediately for the extinguisher to undergo maintenance. If any extinguisher is found to be damaged, corroded or otherwise defective in the course of an inspection, arrangements shall be made immediately for it to be subjected to maintenance or to be replaced.
Dry Riser Maintenance
Requirements of BS 9990:2006
Lara-Alarms-Maintenance-Dry-RiserThe person responsible for a building is legally required to maintain all fire-fighting equipment, including dry risers. BS9990:2006 requires a full annual pressure test and visual check for dry risers for buildings above 18 metres and below 60 metres. Buildings over 60 metres or 18 storeys require wet risers.
Dry Risers are an invaluable piece of fire-fighting equipment in buildings above 18 metres. They play a critical role in delivering considerable quantities of water in a high rise building. They can however be prone to serious neglect and vandalism so it is important to have them regularly maintained and serviced. Lara will carry out a full annual pressure test and six monthly visual check to the relevant standards using our own dry riser testing equipment.
Annual Dry Riser Maintenance
Dry and wet risers are checked and pressure tested to 150 PSL or 10 bar for a minimum of 15 minutes. All insets and outlets are checked for leaks and any missing or faulty items replaced. Flow testing is also carried out. If any valves have to be replaced a further pressure test will be carried out before certification is issued. The entire system will be visually tested 6 monthly and any missing or damaged items are replaced.
Full certification is issued when the systems pass the thorough operational test.
Hose Reel Maintenance
In accordance with Code of Practice BS 5306
Hose reels should be subject to regular inspection to ensure that the system is free from leaks and that nozzles operate correctly. Hose reels must remain easily accessible and unobstructed, at all times. If booster pumps are installed these should also be checked.
Hose Reel Annual Inspection and Test
Once a year each hose reel should be completely run out and subjected to operational water pressure to ensure that hose is in good condition and that all joints and couplings are watertight.
Note: Fire hose reels will be fully unwound and discharged. They flow rate will be measured by discharging into a drum. Fittings will be inspected and the hose reel fully rewound. A flow test should be carried out to ensure that a discharge of at least 30 litres per minute is achieved.
In the case of a fault the water will be isolated and the customer notified. Any faults/leaks will have to be repaired by the client’s plumber.
The annual test should be carried out by a competent person, in accordance with the standard and recorded on a label fixed to each hose reel or alternatively in the same register as tests for portable fire extinguishers, with each hose reel being identified by number.